mac删除pkg

mac osx上大多数应用程序都是通过.DMG或者.pkg来安装的(当然brew方式安装的除外)。

如果是通过DMG方式安装的软件,要删除它就挺简单,直接从osx的应用程序文件夹上删除即可。

那么pkg方式安装的软件又该怎么删除呢?

mac并没有提供什么快捷删除方式,我们只能找到pkg安装后产生的文件,然后删除它。

方式一

mac会维护一份pkg安装历史,只要找到那个文件夹,我们就可以对症下药了。

我的机子是osx 10.8.4,pkg历史安装列表在/private/var/db/receipts目录下:

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cd /private/var/db/receipts
ls -l

列出该目录,可以看到类似如下内容:

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-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 47315 6 15 15:48 com.codeius.izip.bom
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 253 6 15 15:48 com.codeius.izip.plist

找到.bom文件后,我们就可以使用以下命令找到安装的文件列表:

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lsbom -pf com.codeius.izip.bom

执行上述命令后,输出了类似以下内容:

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/iZip.app
./iZip.app/Contents
./iZip.app/Contents/CodeResources
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libarchive.2.dylib
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Headers
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Resources
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/CodeResources
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curl.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlbuild.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlbuild32.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlbuild64.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlrules.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlver.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/easy.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/mprintf.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/multi.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/stdcheaders.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/typecheck-gcc.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/types.h
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Resources
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Resources/Info.plist
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/_CodeSignature
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/_CodeSignature/CodeResources
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/libcurl
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/Current
./iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/libcurl
./iZip.app/Contents/Info.plist
./iZip.app/Contents/MacOS
./iZip.app/Contents/MacOS/iZip
./iZip.app/Contents/PkgInfo
./iZip.app/Contents/Resources
...

以上找到的这些文件,就是安装pkg的时候产生的文件,这些文件删除了应该就ok了!

方式二

方式一虽然可行,但是很多人都抱怨没找到pkg安装历史列表目录(确实不同版本的系统,目录是不一样的),那有没有更自动一点的呢?

pkgutil命令这个时候就派上用场了。查看一下帮助:

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man pkgutil # 或者直接pkgutil

看看有啥功能我们能用的:

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Receipt Database Commands:
--pkgs, --packages List all currently installed package IDs on --volume
--pkgs-plist List all package IDs on --volume in plist format
...
--files PKGID List files installed by the specified package
...

我们先找一下我们要删除的pkg包名(以上述iZip为例):

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pkgutil --pkgs | grep -i izip

看一下输出了啥:

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com.codeius.izip

ok,现在就可以找出izip pkg到底装了哪些文件:

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pkgutil --file com.codeius.izip

终端输出的结果:

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iZip.app
iZip.app/Contents
iZip.app/Contents/CodeResources
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libarchive.2.dylib
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Headers
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Resources
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/CodeResources
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curl.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlbuild.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlbuild32.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlbuild64.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlrules.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/curlver.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/easy.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/mprintf.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/multi.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/stdcheaders.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/typecheck-gcc.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Headers/curl/types.h
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Resources
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/Resources/Info.plist
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/_CodeSignature
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/_CodeSignature/CodeResources
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/A/libcurl
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/Versions/Current
iZip.app/Contents/Frameworks/libcurl.framework/libcurl
iZip.app/Contents/Info.plist
iZip.app/Contents/MacOS
iZip.app/Contents/MacOS/iZip
iZip.app/Contents/PkgInfo
iZip.app/Contents/Resources
...

把这些文件删了应该就算卸载完毕。(risk on your own!)

方式三

哈哈,有的人要讲究效率,不喜欢折腾半天,就会问能不能一键搞定啊?

真别说,还真有一个uninstallpkg,试用了一下,好像真成功卸载了。(就是不知道有没有卸载干净)